If you've been diagnosed with gum disease, there are a variety of treatment options depending on the details of your situation and the severity of the problem. We always start with the least invasive options, which are non-surgical.
The first line of defense against gum disease is a unique type of cleaning called "scaling and root planing." In this procedure, an ultrasonic cleaning devise is used to remove plaque and tartar from your teeth where regular cleaning devices can't reach: under the gumline, on the tooth, and around the root. Then, the rough surface of the tooth and the root are smoothed out (planned). This provides a healthy clean surface that makes it easier for the gum tissue to reattach to the tooth. Some times a local anesthetic is used for the comfort of the patient in the area that is being treated. It is not uncommon for this procedure to take more than one appointment to be completed.
If you address your gum disease before it becomes severe, scaling and root planing may be the only treatment you need. However, as with any dental procedure, after-care is vital. In order to keep your teeth in good shape and resist future occurrences of gum disease, you must brush and floss daily, eat a healthy diet, avoid tobacco use and have regular dental check-ups. Even after a successful scaling and root planing, if you don't attend to your teeth properly, it's quite likely that you'll develop gum disease again.